[By Rebecca Wee]
Have you ever looked in the mirror and felt the texture of your skin resembled that of an orange peel. Large pores are indeed a bane to many people’s facial complexion. Not only are they unsightly and tough to cover with make-up, but can also attract skin debris and bacteria and turn into blackheads and pimples. Well you can now stop poring over your pores because help is here! We speak to Dr Kenneth Lee and Dr Kee Yong Seng from the Sloane Clinic for their top 5 suggestions to shrink pores to oblivion.
SOME BACKGROUND INFO
A pore is the small opening through which skin oil (sebum) and hair reaches the surface of the skin. There are a variety of reasons why pores become enlarged; the most important ones being:
- Genetics: This plays a large role in the development of big pores so you can blame your parents. If your skin is oily (also hereditary), it means the sebaceous glands are producing more oil and this is facilitated by larger pores.
- Sun damage and Aging: These two factors contribute to loss of collagen in the skin. Your skin loses its elasticity and there is no longer a tight seal around the opening of the pore. This is the basis for why treatments that stimulate collagen growth are effective in reducing pore size
- Poor exfoliation and skin hygiene: Pores clogged by dead skin cells, dirt and debris result in sebum not being able to reach the skin surface. Instead sebum accumulates inside the pore, enlarging its diameter and causing blackheads.
TOP 5 WAYS TO REDUCE PORE SIZE (In descending order)
5. Do-it Yourself
Proper Cleansing – Because your pores can be plugged easily by dirt and sebum, you need to give it good clean. When taking a bath, be sure to shampoo your hair first before cleaning your face with your facial wash. The reason behind this action is to prevent the shampoo foam from clogging your pores. Using warm water for your face is also a technique utilized by many since the warm temperature can open up the pores for easier cleansing.
Exfoliate a few times a week with a facial scrub. Other excellent options include products that contain chemical or fruit-enzyme exfoliants such as salicylic acid or glycolic acid or Retin-A; all of which work to dissolve build-up inside your pores.
During this deep-cleansing procedure, your aesthetician or doctor “sands” your skin with a handheld device that sprays fine crystals onto your face and simultaneously vacuums them up. Microdermabrasion is non-invasive treatment does a great job of declogging pores so that they appear smaller in size, plus it leaves your face dewy smooth and soft.
3. Professional Chemical Peels
Glycolic, salicylic and TCA chemical peels work a bit like microdermabrasion to remove the outermost layer of the skin clean out pores and reveal fresh skin.
2. Botox and Fillers
Botox microinjections into the skin around the pores are a safe and effective way to reduce the size of pores. In addition the skin gets a nice tightened tone and smooth “matte” appearance and texture to it.
Injectable Fillers spur collagen production and plumps out the skin so pores look smaller while also reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
While it’s true that most lasers are thought of as wrinkle reduces, two types of laser treatments do a fantastic job at reducing pore size and promoting collagen production
a) Carbon Laser Peels: This no downtime treatment utilizes the top of the line Revlite Q switched NdYAG laser. Carbon Lotion, applied onto the skin and into the pores is zapped away by the laser, exfoliating the skin beautifully and causing the pores to collapse. Over time and with repeated treatments, collagen synthesis around the pores creates a tight seal around their opening, further helping the pores stay minimized.
b) MIXTO CO2 Laser: Mixto produces a beam of concentrated light that is absorbed by water molecules in the superficial layer of skin allowing them to gently peel off, giving way to silky smooth skin. The heat produced by the laser tightens the skin and in doing so reduces pore size, softens wrinkles and evens out scars. The laser also stimulates the skin natural skin remodeling process, resulting in textural improvements during the weeks following the treatment.